SelfCare Focus: a selection of newly published papers on self-care from the worldwide literature. 1. Self-medication for migraine: A nationwide cross-sectional study in Italy

In this section, we will provide a brief summary and a link to the published abstract of newly published papers selected from the worldwide literature as being of particular interest to the SelfCare community.

Self-medication for migraine: A nationwide cross-sectional study in Italy.

By: Brusa P, Allais G, Scarinzi C, Baratta F, Parente M et al.

PLoS One. 2019 Jan 23;14(1):e0211191.

Summary: Given that pharmacists are often the first and only point of reference for people complaining of headache, the researchers carried out a survey in a nationwide sample of Italian pharmacies in order to describe the distribution of migraine or non-migraine type headaches and medicines overuse among people entering pharmacies seeking for self-medication. A 14-item questionnaire was administered by trained pharmacists to subjects who entered a pharmacy requesting self-medication for a headache attack. The ID Migraine Screener was used to classify headache sufferers in four classes. From June 2016 to January 2017, 4424 people had been interviewed. The prevalence of definite migraines was 40%. About half of all headache sufferers, and a third of migraineurs, did not consider their condition as a disease and were not cared for by any doctor. Among people seeking self-medication in pharmacies for acute headache attacks, the rate of definite or probable migraine is high, and a large percentage of them is not correctly diagnosed and treated.





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