Ingestion of Over-the-Counter Liquid Medications: Emergency Department Visits by Children Aged Less Than 6 Years, 2012-2015.
By: Lovegrove MC, Weidle NJ, Budnitz DS.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2019; 56: 288-292.
Summary: Unintentional medication ingestions by young children lead to nearly 60,000 emergency department visits annually; 15% involve oral liquid medications. Estimated rates of emergency department visits for pediatric ingestions by product were calculated. An estimated 6,427 emergency department visits were made annually after a child aged <6 years accessed one of the four most commonly implicated OTC liquid medications without caregiver oversight. Nearly two-thirds of these visits were made by children aged <=2 years and 9.0% resulted in hospitalization. Acetaminophen was the most commonly implicated OTC liquid medication (2,515 estimated emergency department visits annually). Rates of emergency department visits for liquid diphenhydramine and acetaminophen ingestions (8.1 and 7.4 emergency department visits per 100,000 bottles sold) were higher than rates for other common OTC liquids.