Flow Restrictors and Reduction of Accidental Ingestions of Over-the-Counter Medications.
By: Paul IM, Reynolds KM, Delva-Clark H, Burnham RI, Green JL.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2019 – Jun;56(6):e205-e213.
Summary: Flow restrictors are child-resistant packaging innovations designed to limit the amount of liquid dispensed from a medication bottle. In 2011, flow restrictors were added to pediatric liquid single-ingredient acetaminophen formulations. The hypothesis of this study was that implementation would be associated with reduced volume and severity of pediatric acetaminophen exposures reported to the U.S. National Poison Data System. It was found that the addition of flow restrictors was associated with a reduction in the number and severity of exposures. Application of flow restrictors to other liquid medications should be considered.