Patients’ intention to consume prescribed and non-prescribed medicines: A study based on the theory of planned behaviour in selected European countries.
By: Kamekis A, Bertsias A, Moschandreas J, Petelos E, Papadakaki M, et al.
Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics 2018. Feb;43(1):26-35.
Summary: The aim of this study was to report on possible determinants of patient behaviour regarding the consumption of medicines (particularly OTCs) in the context of primary care. The multicenter project included primary healthcare settings in Cyprus, the Czech Republic, France, Greece, Malta and Turkey. Patients completed a questionnaire constructed on the basis of the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) which was administered via face-to-face interviews. Reported non-prescribed medicine consumption ranged from 33% in Turkey to 92% in the Czech Republic and 97% in Cyprus. TPB behavioural antecedents explained 43% of the variability of patients’ intention to consume medicines in Malta and 24% in Greece, but only 3% in Turkey. Subjective norm was a significant predictor of the intention to consume medicines in all three countries (Greece, Malta and Turkey), whereas attitude towards consumption was a significant predictor of the expectation to consume medicines, if needed.